malloc(), I recommend applying the
sizeof operator to the object being allocated, not the type. For instance, don't write this:
int *x = malloc (128 * sizeof (int)); /* Don't do this! */
Instead, write it this way:
int *x = malloc (128 * sizeof *x);
There's a few reasons to do it this way:
If you ever change the type that
xpoints to, it's not necessary to change the
malloc()call as well.
This is more of a problem in a large program, but it's still convenient in a small one.
Taking the size of an object makes writing the statement less error-prone. You can verify that the
sizeofoperand is correct by verifying that it agrees with the type assigned to, without having to look at the declaration. In particular, there should be one more dereferencing level in the
sizeofoperand than in the assignment.